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Mount Sinai and the Upper Room

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As I was reading Exodus the other day and I came across the scene where Moses comes down from the mountain and he confronts the Israelites on the fact that they had made a golden calf that they wanted to worship. And there is a connection to this scene and the scene of the Upper room in the book of Acts. Let’s check it out.

Now when Moses saw that the people were out of control—for Aaron had let them get out of control to be a derision among their enemies— then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, “Whoever is for the Lord , come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered together to him. He said to them, “Thus says the Lord , the God of Israel, ‘Every man of you put his sword upon his thigh, and go back and forth from gate to gate in the camp, and kill every man his brother, and every man his friend, and every man his neighbor.’ ” So the sons of Levi did as Moses instructed, and about three thousand men of the people fell that day.

Exodus 32:25‭-‬28 NASB

So we see that in this scenario, there is judgement. The people had quickly fallen back into sin and idolatry, right after seeing God come down onto the mountain with fire and darkness. And they did not even fear that they would be sinning. And what is even more interesting is this number of 3000. And it is interesting because it ties in to the story of the Upper Room.

Now to set the scene for the Upper Room, Jesus had just finished His forty days of preaching and had ascended back into Heaven. But before He left, He told His disciples that they would recieve a Helper and that they should wait in Jerusalem until the Helper came to them. Now the Helper was the Holy Spirit and He came upon the disciples and gave them new tounges. Now this lead to Peter preaching in Jerusalem.

And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation!” So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.

Acts 2:40‭-‬41 NASB

So after the sermon, there were 3000 thousand souls that were added to the body of Christ. The same number that was lost due to idolatry and sin. And not only that, but this happend on the same day that the Law was given. The feast of Pentacost, or the feast of Shavuot. And this is what was spoken of in Jeremiah on the New Covenant between God and His people.

“Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord , “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord . “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord , “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord ,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord , “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

Jeremiah 31:31‭-‬34 NASB

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